Bush, George, W.
- (1948- )President of the United States since January 2001. He avoided the path of intensive personal intervention in Middle Eastern affairs that had preoccupied his predecessor, William J. (Bill) Clinton. Nevertheless, Bush was soon drawn into the maelstrom of regional affairs by the al-Qaeda terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 and the war against Iraq (2003). On 24 June 2002, Bush fundamentally redefined the terms of reference of the Israeli-Palestinian relationship by declaring support in principle for an independent Palestinian state within the context of a negotiated two-state settlement and making U.S. support for that independent state conditional on the Palestinians' election of "leaders not compromised by terror." These terms of reference were subsequently incorporated into the Roadmap for Israeli-Palestinian peace endorsed by the Quartet. In his April 14 letters that were exchanged with Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon in 2005, Bush made seemingly definitive statements of U.S. policy concerning the limits of Israeli withdrawal from the Occupied Territories in a negotiated final agreement and the Palestinian "right of return."On 27 November 2007, Bush convened an international conference at the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland. The declared goals of the Annapolis Conference were to signal international support for efforts by Palestine Liberation Organization chairman and Palestinian Authority (PA) president Mahmoud Abbas and Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmert to commence a process of direct negotiations leading to the realization of Israeli-Palestinian peace based on the two-state formula envisioned by Bush in his June 2002 statement and to coordinate international support for efforts undertaken by Abbas and the Fatah-led PA to construct the institutions and culture for an independent and democratic Palestinian state. From 9-11 January 2007, Bush made his first visit to Israel since becoming president. He met with Olmert and with Abbis in Ramallah and expressed confidence that an Israeli-Palestinian agreement could be reached before he left office in January 2009.See also Arab-Israeli Conflict.
Historical Dictionary of Israel. Bernard Reich David H. Goldberg. Edited by Jon Woronoff..
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Bush, George W. — ▪ 2005 On Nov. 2, 2004, George W. Bush was elected to a second term as president of the United States. He received 51% of the popular vote, to 48% for Democratic candidate Massachusetts Sen. John Kerry (q.v.); the vote in the electoral… … Universalium
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Bush, George W. — (1946 ) The son of President George H. W. Bush, George W. Bush was elected president of the United States in a controversial election in November 2000. At first, he seemed somewhat overwhelmed in the position, but he quickly gained wide… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Bush, George H. W. — (1924 ) George Bush was the president of the United States during the Gulf War in 1991. After the defeat of Iraq, Bush called upon the Kurds and Shiites to rise up. When they did, however, the United States did nothing to prevent Saddam… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Bush, George H. W. — (n. 1924) Político estadounidense. Nombrado por Nixon representante de E.U.A. en la ONU (1970) y presidente del Comité Nacional Republicano. Fue presidente en 1988 92. (n. 1946) Político y presidente de Estados Unidos. Hijo del también presidente … Enciclopedia Universal
Bush, George, H. W. — (1924 ) President of the United States from 1989 to 1993. He and his secretary of state, James Baker (1989 93) focused on low key efforts to maintain the dialogue between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization established in the last … Historical Dictionary of Israel
BUSH, GEORGE WALKER° — (1946– ), 43rd president of the United States (from 2001). Bush was born in New Haven, Connecticut, the oldest son of george herbert walker bush , the nation s 41st president, and Barbara Bush. In 1994, Bush won the election for governor of Texas … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BUSH, GEORGE HERBERT WALKER° — (1924– ), 41st president of the United States (1989–93). Bush was born in Milton, Massachusetts, in 1924 to a prominent New England family. He is the son of Prescott Bush, a United States senator from Connecticut. After distinguished war service… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Bush,George Herbert Walker — Bush, George Herbert Walker. Born 1924. Library of Congress The 41st President of the United States (1989 1993). He was previously U.S. ambassador to the United Nations (1971 1972) and China (1974 1975), director of the Central Intelligence… … Universalium